First introduced by the government in England in 2017, and open to all UK higher education providers, the Teaching Excellence and Student Outcomes Framework (TEF) is designed to:
- better inform students’ choices about what and where to study;
- raise esteem for teaching;
- recognise and reward excellent teaching;
- better meet the needs of employers, business, industry and the professions.
Section 26 of the Higher Education and Research Act (2017) provided for an independent review of the TEF. The Secretary of State for Education appointed Dame Shirley Pearce of the LSE to conduct this review, supported by an advisory group, and she issued a Call for Views on 18 January 2019, with a closing date of 1 March 2019. The Royal Historical Society submitted a response, and this is now available in full on our website.
As our response to the review (and indeed our own commitment to rewarding excellent teaching within the history profession) makes clear, the Royal Historical Society welcomes initiatives which raise the status of teaching and reward teaching excellence. However, we remain unconvinced that TEF should be used to inform students’ choices or that, as it is presently configured, it is best suited to enhance teaching and learning provision.
In particular we have concerns about:
- whether Subject-Level TEF will provide meaningful information to prospective history students;
- the absence of any engagement with “learning gain” acquired by students studying history at university;
- the use of NSS core metrics which, by indicating student views on teaching rather than assessing teaching itself, are inadequate proxies to assess ‘teaching excellence’, particularly in the light of studies that identify substantial levels of bias in student evaluations;
- the bunching of History with other disciplines (such as Archaeology) which have their own disciplinary norms in terms of teaching, underpinning premises and conceptual framework. To conflate these disciplines will not provide accurate information for potential students, a central purpose of TEF;
- the impression of competition in the same ‘race’ implied by the award of Gold, Silver and Bronze evaluations, notwithstanding the use of benchmarking in TEF evaluations (which mean that institutions are not ‘competing’ on the same ground);
- statistical flaws in TEF as identified by the Royal Statistical Society.
As ever, we welcome feedback from our members and the wider historical community on this response and any other policy issues.